Santa Marta, Tourist, Cultural and Historical District of Santa Marta, is a Colombian city, capital of the department of Magdalena and third important urban center of the Caribbean Region after Barranquilla and Cartagena. Founded on July 29, 1525 by the Spanish conquistador Rodrigo de Bastidas, it is the oldest extant city of Colombia and the second oldest in South America.2
This city, located in the bay of the same name, is one of the main tourist destinations in the Colombian Caribbean.3 Its location between the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, with the country’s highest peaks, and the Caribbean Sea, make it attractive for Visit the variety of fauna and flora in the area, as well as the cultural and historical sites that the city has. As an important fact, Simón Bolívar passed away in a hacienda of Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino that at the time was to the outskirts of the city, 17 of December of 1830. Due to the previous thing, the constitution of 1991 conferred to Santa Marta the character of Tourist, Cultural and Historical District.4
Santa Marta is the oldest city in South America, has an unequaled architectural heritage that evokes the times of the banana bonanza.5 Its most populated and commercial center is in the traditional central area, near the Plaza de Mercado. The plan between the first Carrera, 22nd Street and the Avenue of the Railroad, can frame the historical Center and commercial nucleus of the city.
The symbols of the city of Santa Marta are the bicolor flag composed of white and blue and the celestial blue border shield also, from the top to the bottom are three images: the Virgin Mary, a tower and a small boat of four Oars